The combination of both HIV/AIDS and
Hepatitis C (these diseases) will eventually change the structure of
families to the way governments conduct business. With these diseases
(they) are causing a reduction in the work force and resulting in a
massive brain drain for current and future generations. As more people
become ill with either disease, they become less productive and their
economic resources are spent on medical care. Because they are only
focusing on basic needs (shelter, food, and medicine) they are not
purchasing non-essential or luxury goods and services. This change in
purchases causes a dramatic change in the economic structure of their
respective society. The resulting effect on non-infected people will be
that they will have to pay more money for goods and services, and will
have to pay higher taxes if they want the government to maintain the
same level of services as it did in the past.
A report from the CIA states that these
diseases will have:
A destabilizing Political and
Security Impact- In our view, the infectious disease burden will add to
political instability and slow democratic development in Sub-Saharan
Africa, parts of Asia, and the former Soviet Union, while also
increasing political tensions in and among some developed countries.
The severe social and economic impact of infectious
diseases and the infiltration of these diseases into the ruling
political and military elites and middle classes of developing countries
are likely to intensify the struggle for political power to control
scarce state resources. This will hamper the development of a civil
society and other underpinnings of democracy and will increase pressure
on democratic transitions in regions such as the FSU and Sub-Saharan
Africa where the infectious disease burden will add to economic misery
and political polarization.
Family Structure. The degradation of nuclear and extended
families across all classes will produce severe social and economic
dislocations with political consequences.
Microeconomic Impact-The impact of infectious diseases at
the sector and firm level already appears to be substantial and growing
and will be reflected eventually in higher GDP losses, especially in the
more advanced developing countries with specialized work force needs.
Threats to Deployed Military
Forces--Deployed US military forces have historically experienced higher
rates of hospital admission from infectious diseases than from
battlefield combat and noncombatant injuries. In addition to disease
transmission between deployed troops and indigenous populations,
warfare-related social disruption often creates refugees and internally
displaced persons that can pass infections along to US military forces.
Allied coalition forces may themselves bring infectious diseases into an
area for the first time and transmit them to US forces and the