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“The only thing necessary for these diseases to the triumph is for good people and governments to do nothing.”

 

Re-Used Medical Supplies

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"Children in South Africa are being infected with HIV through dirty needles, experts have claimed.

Researchers have suggested hundreds of thousands of children may have contracted the virus in this way.

The study is the latest to point to contaminated needles as a major cause of HIV in Africa.

Some researchers believe as many as 40% of HIV infections in African adults are linked to injections.

United Nations agencies have rejected this theory, saying most cases are linked to unsafe sex.

Officials have also warned that the theory could damage campaigns to get people in Africa to use condoms to protect themselves from the disease.

High rates

This latest research looked at a study carried out by the Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa, published last year.

It revealed that 5.6% of South African children between the ages of two and 14 have HIV. This represents 670,000 children.

However, figures for mother-to-baby transmission - believed to be the main cause of HIV in children - are substantially lower.

This suggests children are contracting the virus in another way.

Researchers from the University of Tübingen in Germany said the findings indicated contaminated needles were to blame.

They rejected claims that children could have contracted HIV through unsafe sex or as a result of abuse." from Dirty Needles Blamed for HIV

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AIDS Transmission Through Blood Supply is Discussed at Internews Nigeria Roundtable “HIV/AIDS is not a sinners’ affliction,” declared Evangelist Peter Ikiti to journalists attending an educational roundtable organized by Internews’ Local Voices Project in Abuja about the safety of Nigeria’s blood supply.  
Anti-AIDS Effort in Central China Focuses on Former Plasma Donors The epidemic in Central China took root between the late 1980s and the late-1990s when entrepreneurs paid poor farmers in Henan province for plasma — the liquid portion of blood that provides critical proteins for blood clotting and immunity. The farmers, who were not tested for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or other blood-borne infections, gave blood to collection centers, which pooled the blood of several donors of the same blood type, separated the plasma, and injected the remaining red-blood cells back into individual donors to prevent anemia.  

Benghazi epidemic

According to Beshkov, research done by Perrin and Montaigner corroborates the theory that the HIV epidemic in Benghazi was the result of an in-hospital infection. The experts would like to see more research being done to determine the causes for the epidemic and to take measures to prevent such cases in the future.

 

Cardiac surgeon likely source of hepatitis in patients A cluster of seven cases has been diagnosed in people who have only the physician in common.  
Countries struggle with hepatitis C contamination. Examines how France, Germany, Australia, the United States and Great Britain are tackling hepatitis C contamination through blood and blood products. Screening of blood donations; Recipients of blood transfusions; Questions on legal responsibility; Compensation for patients; Intravenous drug use.  

Dirty Needles Blamed for HIV

Children in South Africa are being infected with HIV through dirty needles, experts have claimed.

 

Doctor fails to change syringes between patients Claude Light, MD, who also doubled as the town's public health director, resigned from his directorship after it was alleged that he did not change syringes when immunizing about 468 residents against the influenza virus at a local high school. An assisting nurse who said she witnessed the doctor administering the doses without changing the syringe reported him to the state health department.  
Eighth hospital discloses instruments not disinfected The number of Ontario hospitals hit with infection-control woes is up to eight after York Central Hospital revealed yesterday an instrument used in nose and throat exams hadn't been completely sterilized  

Gastroenterology-Urology Devices; Classification of the Ingestible Telemetric Gastrointestinal Capsule Imaging System

FDA has identified the following risks to health associated specifically with this type of device: (1) Biocompatibility; (2) electrical and mechanical safety; (3) radio-frequency radiated power and electromagnetic compatibility, including interference with other medical devices and with this device (e.g., interference with image acquisition); (4) functional reliability, including structural integrity and image acquisition; (5) intestinal obstruction or injury; and (6) misinterpretation of the captured images.

 

HIV Fears Prompt Recall of Product for Burn Victims

 Baxter International Inc. on Monday said it has recalled one lot of a product that hospitals use to treat burn victims and patients in shock after a test found a rare form of HIV in the plasma used to make the product.

 

Hospitals Save Money, But Safety Is Questioned

A growing number of U.S. hospitals, including at least eight in the Washington area, are saving money by reusing medical devices designated for one-time use, ignoring the warnings of manufacturers, which will not vouch for the safety of their reconditioned products…Hospitals are not required to tell patients that reconditioned devices will be used in surgery -- surgeons themselves often do not know. The Food and Drug Administration regulates the practice, and many hospital administrators say reusing single-use devices is not only cost effective but also poses no threat to patients because the instruments are cleaned with such care that they are as good as new.  
iatrogenci-medical transmission of an infectious disease To investigate and compare seven types of injection devices for their risks of iatrogenic transmission of bloodborne pathogens and their economic costs in sub-Saharan Africa  

KARACHI: Experts warn against reuse of syringe needles

Experts have emphasized the need for safe disposal of disposable syringes as otherwise people may be exposed to dangerous diseases such as Hepatitis C and Aids. Three hundred million syringes are used every year in the country.

 

Martin studies tainted blood lawsuit THE government is considering hiring an American law firm to take a multi-million-dollar case against US-based drug companies implicated in infecting Irish haemophiliacs with HIV and hepatitis C.  
Medical Procedures and Hepatitis C Virus Transmission Transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (Hepatitis C Virus) can occur in health-care settings from percutaneous or mucosal exposures to blood or other body fluids from an infected patient or health-care worker  

Needle Use Soars In Young Heroin Users

The number of young heroin addicts in New Jersey who said they injected the drug spiked sharply in the last decade, state health officials say. And they suspect the problem isn't unique to the Garden State.

 

New York City Department of Health investigating endoscopy clinic after hepatitis C outbreak

In June, the New York City Department of Health announced an investigation of a Brooklyn endoscopy clinic after eight people who underwent endoscopic procedures at the clinic were later diagnosed with hepatitis C.

 

Nosocomial Hepatitis B Virus Infection Associated with Reusable Fingerstick Blood Sampling Devices -- Ohio and New York City, 1996

Fingerstick devices are widely used for capillary-blood sampling for glucose monitoring in patients with diabetes. In 1996, outbreaks of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection occurred among patients with diabetes in an Ohio nursing home and in a New York City hospital.

 

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